Surgery

Routine surgery

We perform sterilizations from Monday to Friday
The clinic allows you to bring in your animal the evening before or the morning of the surgery. After the surgery, animals spend the night at the clinic so that they can begin their recovery in a calm atmosphere and so that our technician can follow up the next day before the animal returns home.

Painkillers
All animals receive an injection of painkiller medication at the end of the surgery in order to ensure their comfort. They also receive a painkiller in tablet form during their evening meal or with the morning meal. Owners are also given a supply of tablets to relieve any pain the animal may feel at home.

Blood test
We also offer the possibility of drawing blood for pre-surgical tests in order to determine the condition of the organs that will flush the anesthesia out of the blood in order to minimize the associated risks.

Intravenous catheter
The clinic also offers the possibility of installing an intravenous catheter (solution) for any patient that undergoes anesthesia. Depending on the rate of fluid administered, this can help to maintain the animal’s blood pressure, thereby maintaining proper circulation. In addition, the catheter can also be used to quickly administer medication into the blood if our monitors alert us of any changes, such as a decreased heart rate.

There are many benefits to sterilizing your animals
Among females, sterilization prevents unwanted gestation, the inconveniences of being in heat, uterine infections and mammary tumors. Among males, castration prevents urinary marking, reduces the foul odor of the urine, the instinct to run away in search of females, prostate problems and testicular tumors.

It is essential to sterilize animals in order to prevent overpopulation.

Specialized surgery

The clinic offers a range of specialized surgeries, including:

  • Laparotomy: exploratory surgery of the abdomen for investigative purposes;
  • Gastrotomy and enterotomy: surgery to remove foreign bodies from the intestine and stomach;
  • Caesarean section;
  • Cystotomy: removal of urinary calculus from the bladder or kidneys;
  • Lump excision;
  • Eye Surgery: cherry eye, eversion, inversion, enucleation;
  • Thyroidectomy: excision of the thyroid gland;
  • Docking: amputation of the tail for medical purposes;
  • Excision of anal glands;
  • Urinary obstructions.

Orthopedic surgery

Some orthopedic problems require radiographic examinations, which can be carried out onsite, and sometimes even surgery. Every patient is evaluated by the veterinarian before undergoing surgery in order to discuss the proper procedure, the recovery and the risk of complications. We offer a variety of orthopedic procedures such as:

  • Plaster casts;
  • Patella luxation;
  • Splints;
  • Cruciate knee ligament (FLO technique);
  • Amputation;
  • Joint replacement;
  • Pins and cerclages in the case of fractures.

General anesthesia

Most surgeries are performed under general anesthesia. All patients are first sedated with drugs that, among other things, block pain before it occurs after the surgery. But the main objective of the tranquillizer is to calm the animal and reduce the volume of intravenous drugs required to put the animal into a deep sleep. This allows for optimal comfort when the animal wakes up.

The second step in the anesthesia process is the injection of intravenous drugs, which produces a very deep sleep and causes the animal to lose movement and gag reflexes in order to allowed intubation. Intubation is the procedure to insert a silicone tube into the animal’s trachea in order to administer the anesthetic gases and oxygen. Intubation gives rapid access to the respiratory passages and allows for the animal’s breathing to be controlled, if necessary.

The third step is the anesthetic in the form of Isoflurane, and oxygen administered through the tube. This allows for optimal control of the duration of the anesthesia and how deeply the animal is put to sleep. In addition, the animal wakes up much more quickly than with anesthesia that uses only injectable medications.

While the animal is under anesthesia, the animal health technicians are responsible for anesthetic monitoring and the animal’s well-being. Patients are arranged on a water-heated carpet in order to avoid a decrease in body temperature, which is monitored throughout the procedure. Other parameters are also monitored throughout the duration of the anesthesia, including heart rate, blood oxygen levels and blood pressure using an electrocardiogram, in order to maximize safety.

The technician stays with the animal in order to monitor the heart and breathing rate using a portable monitor until the animal’s reflexes return. The animal remains comfortable at all times with a blanket and heated carpet. The animal remains in the wake up cages, in full view of the technicians, until the proper degree of alertness is restored.

Local anesthesia

Local anaesthesia can be an alternative for some minor procedures such as a little lump excision for a calm and docile patient. It involves administering an anesthetic that act locally for 4 to 6 hours.

Local anesthesia is also called a nerve block and can also be used as a complement to general anesthesia to significantly reduce pain felt in the area of the procedure. It allows for block nerve conduction from 4 to 6 hours by circling the site of the surgery. Since we have been using this procedure, we have noticed a significant decrease of pain felt during and after surgery. We use nerve blocks for the following procedures:

* Declawing

* Dogs dewclawing

* Tooth extraction

Laser surgery

No matter what type of surgery is required, the surgical procedure is the same except that the scalpel is replaced by a laser. This technology features a number of advantages. For one, the laser beam directly cauterizes the blood vessels, which significantly decreases bleeding during surgery.

In addition, the fact that the nerves are also sealed rather than simply being cut significantly decreases the pain felt by the animal during the post-surgical period. The laser device allows for the lymphatic ducts to be cut and blocked, which decreases swelling following the surgery, thereby speeding up the healing process.

Finally, the heat emitted by the laser beam sterilizes the incision site, which decreases the risks of post-surgical infection. However, the surgical technique remains the same, which means that stitches are still required, and should usually be removed approximately 10 days after the surgery.

Dentistry

Animals cannot tell us if they have a toothache, and therefore we offer dental examinations in order to determine when a cleaning is required. It is not uncommon to find erosion of the tooth enamel in cats, which usually requires extraction, because it is painful or bleeding. Teeth cleaning, or scaling, is carried out under general anesthesia, because the animal must remain still throughout the procedure.

The teeth cleaning itself is very similar to the technique that is used for humans. The teeth are scaled and cleaned using an ultrasonic probe, and then polished using an electric polisher and a mint paste. Of course, some teeth may have to be extracted, depending on the condition of the teeth or gums. Tartar can damage the teeth and gums over the long term.

In more severe cases, the gums may become detached from the tooth over time, causing irreversible damage to the roots and the bone, which is why it is sometimes necessary to extract some teeth.

Also, plaque contains thousands of bacteria. Bleeding of the gums allows bacteria to enter the bloodstream, which can lead to problems affecting the valves of the heart, the kidneys and the liver.

Dental health is crucial!